More commentary on the recent amendments to the MMS, by Jennifer Stirton.
2. Application of MMS Not Restricted to Motor Vehicles
The MMS previously provided that they applied only in respect of motor vehicles using highways. This provision has been repealed, which suggests that the MMS now apply to pedestrians and bicycles using highways. This may be a response to recent case law which held that where roads are kept in a reasonable state of repair for vehicular traffic, which can include MMS compliance, a municipality may not be liable to pedestrians injured while walking on the road surface. Holmes v. Kingston (City),  O.J. No. 1838 (S.C.J.).