Weight loss surgery 'highly effective for preventing type 2 diabetes'

OBesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, which is accountable for around 90-95% of diabetes cases in the US. But a new study claims that for obese individuals, weight loss surgery may dramatically reduce this risk.The research team, including Prof. Martin Gulliford of King's College London in the UK, publish their findings in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
Past studies have indicated that weight loss surgery, or bariatric surgery, may be an effective strategy to treat type 2 diabetes in obese patients. But Prof. Gulliford and colleagues note there have been very few studies looking at whether weight loss surgery can prevent the development ofdiabetes in obese patients. For their study, the team wanted to find out.
They analyzed health records from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink and identified 2,167 obese adults without diabetes who had undergone one of three surgical procedures: gastric bypass, gastric banding or sleeve gastrectomy.
Gastric bypass, which involves redirecting the digestive system past the stomach, is the most common weight loss procedure. Gastric banding involves having an inflatable band placed around the top portion of the stomach, creating a smaller stomach, while sleeve gastrectomy involves removal of around 80% of the stomach.
To act as controls, the team also identified 2,167 obese individuals - matched for age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and blood sugar levels - who had not undergone weight loss surgery or had any other obesity-related treatments. Participants were followed for up to 7 years.

Weight loss surgery reduced type 2 diabetes risk by 80%

The researchers found that 177 of the control participants developed type 2 diabetes during follow-up, compared with only 38 participants who had undergone weight loss surgery.
The team calculated that even after accounting for other factors that influence diabetes among obese individuals - such as smoking, hypertension and high cholesterol - weight loss surgery reduced participants' risk of type 2 diabetes by 80%.
Commenting on these findings, Prof. Gulliford says: 
"Our results suggest that bariatric surgery may be a highly effective method of preventing the onset of new diabetes in men and women with severe obesity.
We need to understand how weight loss surgery can be used, together with interventions to increase physical activity and promote healthy eating, as part of an overall diabetes prevention strategy."
The researchers point out that there are some limitations to their study. For example, they did not include patients who had undergone less common weight loss procedures, such as duodenal switch - surgery that combines gastric bypass and creation of a smaller stomach pouch. Therefore, it is unclear how such procedures would affect type 2 diabetes risk in obese patients.
Furthermore, the team says that patients who underwent weight loss surgery may have been more adherent to diabetes prevention advice - such as adopting a healthy diet and exercise - than control patients. "However," they add, "we noted that people who received surgery were more likely to be prescribed antihypertensive drugs or statins, which can sometimes be associated with diabetes."
In an editorial linked to the study, Dr. Jacques Himpens, of Saint Pierre University Hospital in Belgium, says that the findings from Prof. Gulliford and colleagues bring us closer to understanding the effects of bariatric surgery for prevention of type 2 diabetes. However, she notes that "many questions remain unanswered."
"More evidence is needed to convince endocrinologists about the nature of this effect," she adds.
In February of this year, Medical News Today reported on a study revealing that although most women who undergo weight loss surgery say they do not regret having the procedure, many of them feel it causes emotional problems.
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What kinds of exercise can boost long-term memory?

Think that improving your memory is all brain training and omega-3 supplements? Think again. A new study from researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta suggests that working out at the gym for as little as 20 minutes can improve long-term memory.

Previous studies have shown that memory may be improved by several months of aerobic exercises, such as running, cycling or swimming. However, the findings of the new study - published in the journal Acta Psychologica - demonstrate that a similar memory boost can be achieved in a much shorter period.
"Our study indicates that people don't have to dedicate large amounts of time to give their brain a
boost," says Lisa Weinberg, the Georgia Tech graduate student who led the project.
As well as looking at aerobic exercise, Weinberg's team also examined how resistance exercise - weightlifting, push-ups and sit-ups - might affect memory.
The team recruited 46 participants (29 women and 17 men), who were randomly assigned into two groups. For the first part of the experiment, all participants viewed a series of 90 images on a computer screen.
These images were split evenly been photographs that had been classed "positive," "neutral," and "negative." These ranged from pictures of children playing on a waterslide, to photographs of clocks, to images of mutilated bodies. The participants were asked to try and remember as many of them as they could.
Next, the participants were randomized into "active" and "passive" groups and seated at leg extension resistance exercise machines.
The active group were told to extend and contract each leg 50 times, at their personal maximum effort. The passive group were told to simply sit in the chair and allow the machine to move their legs.
The blood pressure and heart rate of the participants were monitored, and saliva samples were collected.

'Active' group showed improved recall of images

Two days later, the participants were again shown the original 90 images they had seen previously, but this time they were mixed in with 90 new photos that the participants had not seen before.
The researchers found about 50% of the original photos were recalled by the passive group, while the active group remembered about 60% of the images.
All of the participants were better at recalling the positive and negative images than the neutral images, but this was even more true for the active participants. The researchers suggest that this is because people are more likely to remember emotional experiences following short-term stress.
The team believes their results are consistent with previous research in a rodent model that found stress responses result in releases of norepinephrine - a hormone that may improve memory.
Analyzing the saliva from the participants, the team found that the active group showed increased levels of alpha amylase in their saliva - a marker of norepinephrine.
Audrey Duarte, an associate professor in the School of Psychology at Georgia Tech, describes the results:
"Even without doing expensive fMRI scans, our results give us an idea of what areas of the brain might be supporting these exercise-induced memory benefits. The findings are encouraging because they are consistent with rodent literature that pinpoints exactly the parts of the brain that play a role in stress-induced memory benefits caused by exercise."

Important how cells copy chromosomes for fighting cancer

As we find out more and more about what goes wrong inside cells, the better we become at killing cancer without harming the rest of the body. Now, scientists have discovered a key step in how cells copy their 
chromosomes when they divide that promises to be very useful for cancer research.

Karim Labib, a professor in life sciences at the University of Dundee in Scotland, and colleagues report how they solved an important mystery in cell biology in the journal Science.
Life depends on cells being able to multiply, a key part of which is copying chromosomes, the tightly packed bundles of DNA that carry the genetic blueprint of the individual.
The chromosome copying process has to copy the genetic information perfectly for new cells to grow and carry out their function normally. The more mistakes that are made, the more likely that cells will behave abnormally and triggercancer.

We do not know enough about how chromosome copying works

cancer cell
The researchers say one of the fundamental biological processes that go wrong in cancer is that the chromosome copying machinery has not worked properly. Their new study sheds light on this process.
Prof. Labib says ever since Watson and Crick first revealed the structure of DNA, scientists have been fascinated by how cells copy chromosomes, yet "we are still quite a way from having a complete picture of how it works."
He and his colleagues focused on the stage when the cells finish copying their chromosomes. Scientists already know something about this; it is vital that this happens correctly for the genetic blueprint to be passed on to the next generation of cells.
"We already knew that 11 proteins in the cell combine to build a molecular 'machine' called the DNA helicase, which plays a vital role in copying the double helix of DNA that is at the heart of each chromosome," Prof. Labib adds.
He explains that the DNA helicase unwinds the two strands of the double helix of DNA, so they can each be copied, and that:
"It is vital that the helicase is only built once during the life of each cell, and then is taken apart or disassembled once it has done its job, so that cells just make one single copy of each chromosome."

Understanding disassembly of the DNA helicase is important for cancer research

Until now, scientists did not know how the helicase disassembled. This is what the team at Dundee discovered. They found, because of a process called "ubiquitylation," one of the 11 components of the helicase falls out when chromosome copying is complete.
Because this one component falls out, the other proteins are unable to stick together, and the DNA helicase falls apart.
"It turns out that this is a very good thing," says Prof. Labib, "as genetic studies show that if the helicase does not come apart but instead remains glued to the chromosomes, then this leads to major problems."
He says this is one of the fundamental biological processes that go wrong in cancer, "almost any time that we see cancer developing, one of the things that has gone wrong early in the process is that the chromosome copying machinery has not worked properly."
The research was funded by the Medical Reseach Council, Cancer Research UK and the Wellcome Trust.
Meanwhile, in another area of cancer research, Medical News Today recently learned that researchers have found a molecule that helps cancer cells evade the immune system.

Sleeping with more than 20 women in a lifetime linked to lower prostate cancer

Around 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime.

 But a new study - which is likely to be welcomed by many men - claims that having more than 20 female sexual partners in a lifetime may significantly reduce the risk of developing the disease. 

Sleeping with more than 20 men in a lifetime, however, is associated with increased risk of prostate cancer.

The research team, from the University of Montreal's School of Public Health in Canada, publish their findings in the journal Cancer Epidemiology.

According to the researchers, the link between sexual activity and prostate cancer risk remains
controversial. Some studies have associated high sexual activity with a greater risk of the disease,
while others have suggested the opposite.
In this study, the team set out to determine whether the number of sexual partners men have throughout their lifetime influences their risk of prostate cancer.
They analyzed 3,208 men who were part of the Prostate Cancer & Environment Study (PROtEuS) in Montreal, Canada. Of these, 1,590 were diagnosed with prostate cancer between 2005 and 2009, while the remaining 1,618 men were free of the disease.
As part of this study, all men were required to complete a questionnaire that asked about their sexual activity, as well as sociodemographic, environmental and lifestyle factors.

28% lower prostate cancer risk among men who slept with more than 20 women

The team was not surprised to find that men who had a relative with prostate cancer were twice as likely to have the disease themselves. A family history of prostate cancer is a well-established risk factor.
However, the researchers found that a man's prostate cancer risk also appeared to be influenced by the number of sexual partners he had in his lifetime.
Men who reported never having a sexual partner were twice as likely to develop prostate cancer than those who reported having sexual partners.
However, the team found that men who had slept with more than 20 women in their lives had a 28% lower risk of developing all types of prostate cancer and a 19% lower risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer, compared with those who had slept with fewer than 20 women.
"It is possible that having many female sexual partners results in a higher frequency of ejaculations, whose protective effect against prostate cancer has been previously observed in cohort studies."
The researchers explain that some studies have suggested that the more a man ejaculates, the lower the concentrations of cancer-causing substances in his prostatic fluid. Other studies have indicated that a higher frequency of ejaculations may also reduce the production of intraluminal crystalloids in the prostate, which have been linked to higher risk of cancer.
The number of sexually transmitted infections (STI) participants contracted in their lifetime did not appear to influence the risk of prostate cancer, the researchers say, noting that only 12% of men reported having at least one STI in their lives.
In addition, the team found no association between the age at which the men first had sexual intercourse and prostate cancer risk.

Men with more than 20 male sexual partners twice as likely to develop prostate cancer

It was not good news for men who had slept with more than 20 male partners in their lifetime, however.
The team found that these men were twice as likely to develop all types of prostate cancer, compared with men who had never had a sexual partner. Furthermore, men who had slept with more than 20 male partners had a 500% increased risk of developing a less aggressive prostate cancer, compared with those who had only slept with one man.
The researchers are unable to accurately identify the reasons behind these findings, but they speculate that it could be a result of higher exposure to STIs among this group. Furthermore, they note that physical trauma to the prostate may be caused by anal intercourse, which could raise the risk of prostate cancer.
Commenting on their overall results, the researchers say:
"Our findings are in support of a role for the number of sexual partners in prostate cancer development. The gender of sexual partners should be taken into account in future studies investigating this association."
Medical News Today recently reported on a study suggesting that men with a specific baldness pattern may be at higher risk of prostate cancer.
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Copyright: Medical News Today
Not to be reproduced without permission.



A current trend in Japan today is drinking water immediately after getting out of bed. Scientific tests have confirmed the medical value of this practice. This water treatment has been confirmed by Japanese medical authorities to completely cure certain diseases, whether they are more serious or simply mild afflictions. A list of these diseases follows.
Headaches, Body aches, Arthritis, Heart problems, Epilepsy, Obesity, Tuberculosis, Meningitis, Kidney diseases, Vomiting, Gastritis, Diabetes, Constipation, Uterine diseases, Ear and throat diseases
The Method
1) When you wake up, before doing anything, drink four 6 ounce glasses of water, or 160 milliliters. (If for any reason you cannot drink this much water at one time, you may start with as much water as you can drink, then gradually increase the amount.)

2) Brush your teeth and perform basic oral hygiene, then wait 45 minutes before eating or drinking anything.

3) After the 45 minute waiting period you may eat and drink normally.
4) Once a meal is completed, do not eat or drink anything for 2 hours.
Specific Diseases
Using the above method, the research indicates the number of days the regimen must be followed to cure each disease.
  • High blood pressure – 30 days
  • Gastric problems – 10 days
  • Diabetes – 30 days
  • Constipation – 10 days
  • Cancer – 180 days
  • Tuberculosis – 90 days
  • Arthritis – use the method for only 3 days the first week, then return to the regular daily regimenUsing this treatment method has no side effects other than increased urination at the beginning of the program. Drinking water and staying healthy and active are ways that will better out lives. Including this water drinking regimen will also help you to stay healthy.
    Both the Chinese and Japanese drink hot tea with their meals instead of cold water. Cold water slows down the digestive process and solidifies the oily foods you have just eaten. Once these solidified oils react with the stomach acid, it is absorbed more quickly by the intestine and lines the intestinal wall. The long term accumulation of these digested oils can lead to cancer. Perhaps Western cultures should adopt this practice, as there is everything to gain and nothing to lose.
    About Heart Attacks
    Women should be aware that pain in the left arm is not the only a sign of a heart attack
    A heart attack may occur even without a chest pain
    Other symptoms of a heart attack are nausea and intense sweating
    About 60 percent of people who have a heart attack while sleeping do not wake up
    Be aware of any pain that is in the jaw. You may be awaken from a sound sleep by this type of pain. It could be a sign of a heart attack.
    Let us be careful and notice the possible symptoms of a heart attack. One cardiologist says that if we are willing to send this to everyone we know, and they do the same, at least one life will be saved.
    Please be a true friend and send this article to all your friends you care about. THANKS TO  : BANOOSH.COM

Less Sleep in Teen Years Tied to More Pounds at 21

THURSDAY, Aug. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of sleep not only puts teens at risk for poor grades, it also puts them at increased risk for obesity, researchers warn.
The study authors analyzed data collected from more than 10,000 Americans when they were aged 16 and 21. Nearly one-fifth of them got less than six hours of sleep a night when they were age 16, and this group was 20 percent more likely to be obese at age 21 than those who got more than eight hours of sleep per night at age 16, the investigators found.
Although lack of exercise and too much time spent watching television were also risk factors for obesity, these behaviors did not account for the link between lack of sleep and obesity, according to the study published online recently in the Journal of Pediatrics.
"Lack of sleep in your teenage years can stack the deck against you for obesity later in life. Once you're an obese adult, it is much harder to lose weight and keep it off. And the longer you are obese, the greater your risk for health problems like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer," study author Shakira Suglia, an assistant professor of epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University in New York City, said in a university news release.
"The message for parents is to make sure their teenagers get more than eight hours a night. A good night's sleep does more than help them stay alert in school. It helps them grow into healthy adults," Suglia added.
Teens should get nine to 10 hours of sleep a night, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
It's known that daytime sleepiness and fatigue affect what and how people eat by triggering cravings and altering appetite. For example, sleep-deprived people find it easier to buy calorie-laden fast food rather than preparing a healthy meal.
SOURCE: Columbia University, news release, August 2014

Rate of drug OD deaths in city has jumped by 41% in four years, Health Dept. reveals

A Overdose Prevention Rescue Kit 
The rate of drug overdose deaths in the city has soared by 41% since 2010, data released Thursday by the city Health Department revealed.
Driven by a rise in heroin and prescription drug abuse, the drug overdose death rate jumped from 8.2 for every 100,000 New Yorkers in 2010 to 11.6 in 2013.
In all, 782 New Yorkers died from accidental overdoses in 2013, up from 541 in 2010, the Health Department said.
The vast majority of the deaths - 77% - involved an opioid such as heroin or prescription pain killers.
The death rate from heroin doubled over the same period, from 3.1 to 6.2 for every 100,000 New Yorkers. Some 420 people overdosed on heroin in 2013, more than double the 209 deaths in 2010

The Bronx had the highest heroin death rate at 8.8, followed closely by Staten Island at 8.6. Queens saw the sharpest increase, from 1.9 to 4.3.
Residents of poor neighborhoods were still mostly likely to OD on heroin, but rich neighborhoods saw the biggest spike - a 195% jump over three years.

Meanwhile, prescription drug deaths were on the rise in Brooklyn and Queens, and residents of the wealthiest neighborhoods were most likely to die from the drugs.Staten Island, which has experienced an epidemic of prescription drug abuse, had the highest rate of deaths from those drugs in 2013, but after an aggressive effort to target the drugs there the death rate dropped by 32% since 2011.
“After seeing a troubling increase in opioid overdose deaths in Staten Island, the Department took an aggressive approach to save lives. Over the last two years, the Health Department educated both health care providers and residents on the risks of these highly addictive drugs, and worked with community groups, syringe access programs, and first responders to increase overdose reversals with naloxone,” said Health Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett.
“Though we have seen progress in Staten Island, there is still much more work to be done.”
She said the department plans to next bring a similar program to the Bronx.

STD Facts - Human papillomavirus (HPV Effective Wart Cures At Home

With the Right Cure, You No Longer Have To Suffer

If you are tired of dealing with warts and nothing you seem to do effectively treats them, then you will want to check out these effective wart cures that have helped millions of others and could help you too.
The best part about these cures is that you don’t even need to go to a doctor to get them done… that’s right – you can get these cures done from the comfort of your own home!

Garlic and Duct Tape Work Wonders When It Comes To Wart Removal

When it comes to an effective wart cure that you can do from the comfort of your own home, then you need to know about what garlic and duct tape can do for you. All you have to do is peel a clove of garlic… or you can get that chopped garlic that is already peeled in glass jars at the grocery store.
You then press the garlic directly to the wart and cover it in duct tape. Why duct tape? Because nothing else will remain affixed to your skin, which means you may want to shave some hairs before applying the tape. Keep the garlic affixed to the wart for at least 30 minutes one time per day until the wart has disappeared.

Hydrogen Peroxide Is an Effective Wart Removal Home Cure

If you are looking for wart cures that are effective at home and garlic just isn’t up your alley, then you will want to take a look and see what hydrogen peroxide can do for you. You can pick up a bottle at your local store for usually a couple bucks or less and then all it takes is a direct application to the wart. The hydrogen peroxide will harden it and after several applications you will find that it has just fallen off somewhere. Warts removal can be as simple as that!

Apple Cider Vinegar Has Also Shown to Be An Effective Wart Cure

As you can see, the effective home remedies to remove warts all involve products that have higher acidic levels to them. When it comes to home products that have high acidity levels, it doesn’t get much more acidic than apple cider vinegar. It works by directly attacking the virus and area with the acidic nature of the cider and the vinegar combined and removes the wart from the affected area.
Simply soak a cloth or a cotton ball in the apple cider vinegar, place it on your skin overnight, and see what happens. This is one of the simplest wart removal treatments I ever heard about.
When it comes to effective wart cures that come from the home, these three have shown to be the most effective at fighting the unsightly warts which you want to simply get rid of. With consistent home warts treatments, many people have found success treating different types of warts, and now that you have the information you need, you can be one of those people too.

Does Wartrol really work?

Wartrol has been discussed on several television programs and by MSNBC, CNN and USA Today which are all reputable news agencies. That is a sign that any claim made by this company is supported by proper research and scientifically sound documents.
These news agencies will not waist free airtime to a fly-by-night company or product that does not really help people.
What do real people say about this OTC product that is meant to remove warts effectively and safe?
Listen to Michelle: She talks about whether Wartrol= scam or not.

How Can E. coli, Survive for days on planes ?

E. coli, can survive for days on planes
Ever sit on a plane and wonder how long the germs left by passengers past plan on hanging around?
A new study examined how long two potentially deadly bacteria – E. coli and MRSA – can live on various surfaces inside an airplane’s cabin, and how easily they are transmitted by contact.
Researchers at Auburn University used actual armrests, toilet flush handles, tray tables, window shades, seats and seat pockets provided by Delta Airlines for the study – inoculating them with bacteria and storing them in conditions meant to simulate a pressurized cabin: 75 degrees Fahrenheit at 20% humidity.
In general, bacteria lived longest on the most porous surfaces. For example, MRSA lasted seven days on the cloth seat pocket, six days on the rubber armrest and leather seat, five days on the plastic window shade and tray table, and four days on the steel toilet handle.

E. coli, by one measure, survived four days on the rubber armrest, three days on the plastic tray table, and two days on the steel toilet handle.
“In small nooks, like the ones created by a pore, they are protected from environmental stressors like dehydration, UV and disinfectants,” said the lead study author, Kiril Vaglenov.
But the same porous material properties that protect bacteria from threats also seem to prevent them from spreading easily.
By contrast, the bacteria on less porous materials like tray tables, toilet handles and window shades scored much higher than seat pockets and leather seats for transmissibility – meaning bacteria on these surfaces were far more likely to transfer to human skin.
"The best thing you can do to protect yourself when flying is: Before you put anything into your mouth, bring some alcohol hand sanitizer and sanitize your hands. It's all about risk mitigation," said Michael Schmidt, a professor of microbiology and immunology at the Medical University of South Carolina.
“After I wipe my hands, I use the rest of the alcohol wipe to wipe down the tabletop, just in case I touch it and inadvertently eat something.”
The study did not take bacterial samples from actual aircraft cabins.
“We have efficient cleaning specifications that are standardized across our entire operation before all departures and on aircraft that remain on the ground overnight,” Delta Airlines said in response to the study. “This includes removing all trash, wiping down all countertops, surfaces and seats, cleaning floors and replacing and restocking pillowcases and blankets among several other procedures.”
The study was supported by funds from the Federal Aviation Administration and theAirliner Cabin Environment Research Center.